The sixth planet from the sun. Superman No. 147/3 describes Saturn as a planet â€œwhere there has been no crime at all for centuries .. . and where everyone can perform amazing mental feats!â€ The complete absence of crime on Saturn is caused by the weird â€œradiationsâ€ emanating from the â€œmeteor- fragments that form Saturnâ€™s rings,â€ radiations which somehow â€œcancel out Saturn peopleâ€™s criminal traits!â€ (Aug 1961: â€œThe Legion of Super-Villains!").
Among the particles that make up Saturnâ€™s rings, asserts Superman No. 122/1, are those composed of a so-called â€œmusical mineral,â€ an exotic substance that emits musical sounds (Jul 1958: â€œThe Secret of the Space Souvenirsâ€).
According to Superman No. 128/1, Saturnâ€™s â€œsmaller moonsâ€ are actually â€œgigantic, porous â€˜snowballs,â€™ â€œsatellites that are literally â€œcomposed of frozen snowâ€ (Apr 1959: chs. 1-2â€”â€Superman versus the Futuremenâ€; â€œThe Secret of the Futuremenâ€).
Saturn Queen, a member of the Legion of Super-Villains, is a native of Saturn (S No. 147/3, Aug 1961: â€œThe Legion of Super-Villains!â€). Saturn Girl a member of the Legion of Super-Heroes, hails from Titan, the largest, brightest, and most massive of Saturnâ€™s ten satellites (Adv No. 247/1: "The Legion of Super-Heroes!").
In February-March 1951, Superman demolishes an unidentified planet that may one day strike Earth, blasting it apart with asteroids diverted from Saturnâ€™s rings (WF No. 50: â€œSuperman, Super Wreckerâ€).
In February 1957, for a twelve-hour period, Supermanâ€™s personality is imprisoned in the body of Jimmy Olsen and vice versa, as the result of both menâ€™s having unwittingly exposed themselves to the effects of a Saturnian â€œmentality exchangerâ€ discovered by Superman while exploring the remnants of a long-dead Saturnian civilization (S No. 111/1: "The Non-Super Supermanâ€).
In July 1958, Superman journeys to Saturn to obtain a sample of the exotic â€œmusical mineralâ€ from Saturnâ€™s rings, and later to Rhea, one of Saturnâ€™s moons, to obtain a strange knotted tree. These are but two of a series of eight so-called â€œspace trophiesâ€ which the Man of Steel gathers during this period for inclusion in a time capsule which the Metropolis Museum plans to bury in the ground as a gift for the people of the fiftieth century A.D. (S No. 122: â€œThe Secret of the Space Souvenirsâ€).
During a time-journey to the twenty-first century CE, a time when all life on Earth is threatened with imminent extinction as the result of the oceans having been accidentally dissolved â€œby an atomic experiment,â€ Superman tows several of Saturnâ€™s â€œsnowballâ€ moons to Earth to alleviate Earthâ€™s catastrophic scarcity of water (S No. 128/1, Apr 1959: chs. 1-2â€”-â€Superman versus the Futuremenâ€; â€œThe Secret of the Futuremenâ€).
In August 1961, Superman transforms Saturn Queen from an adversary into an ally, and there turns the tables on the Legion of Super-Villains, by exposing her to the radiations of meteor fragments taken from Saturnâ€™s rings and thus curing her of her â€œvillainous tendenciesâ€ (S No. 147/3: â€œThe Legion Super-Villains!â€). (TGSB)